By 1808Delaware

October 2023 brought a mixed bag of news for Ohio’s employment sector. While the state witnessed a slight uptick in its unemployment rate, from 3.4% in September to 3.6% in October, there was a notable increase in nonagricultural wage and salary employment. This rise, from a revised 5,648,200 in September to 5,655,900 in October, signifies the highest payroll employment since records began in 1990, indicating a robust job market.

Regional Variations in Employment

The unemployment landscape in Ohio shows significant variations across its 88 counties. October’s preliminary data revealed a range from as low as 2.5% in Geauga, Holmes, and Mercer Counties, to a peak of 5.4% in Lucas County. Most counties (74 out of 88) experienced an increase in unemployment rates, with only six witnessing a decrease, and eight remaining stable.

Spotlight on Counties with Lowest and Highest Unemployment

In October, thirteen Ohio counties boasted unemployment rates at or below 3.0%. Apart from Geauga, Holmes, and Mercer, other counties with notably low rates included Medina and Putnam (2.6%), Lake (2.7%), Auglaize and Wayne (2.8%), and Union and Van Wert (2.9%). Delaware, Logan, and Madison Counties had a 3.0% rate.

On the other end of the spectrum, six counties had rates at or above 4.5%, with Lucas County leading, followed by Jefferson (5.2%), Noble (4.7%), Henry and Monroe (4.6%), and Meigs (4.5%).

Unemployment Dynamics Over the Year

The state’s employment dynamics also reflect a year-long trend. The number of unemployed individuals in Ohio stood at 207,000 in October, a slight increase from 199,000 in September, but a significant decrease from 238,000 a year ago. This year-over-year drop of 31,000 in unemployment highlights a positive trend in job creation and economic recovery.

Ohio’s October unemployment rate marked a 0.6% decrease from the previous year, standing at 3.5%. This figure contrasts with the national unemployment rate for October 2023, which was 3.9%, slightly higher than both the state and its previous month’s rate of 3.8%. This comparison underscores Ohio’s relatively stronger performance in job retention and creation compared to the broader U.S. labor market.


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